16 clinical research findings to know this week

Here are 16 articles on medical research study findings from the week of July 27.

1. New research shows antibiotic-resistant bacteria processes are not only unimpeded by their resistance to antibiotics, but they are also stronger because of it. Read more.

2. Researchers from the Translation Genomics Research Institute in Phoenix, suspect that when patients ingest food containing Klebsiella pneumoniae and are then hospitalized, the use of antibiotics and other drugs that cause diarrhea may be inadvertently releasing the pathogen. Read more.

3. When compared to geographically close competitors, hospitals that have received the Baldrige National Quality Award outperformed on patient experience scores, according to a recent study. Read more.

4. Surgical teams at Northwestern Memorial Hospital in Chicago decreased the rate of catheter-associated urinary tract infections in their institution by focusing on the use of catheters before and immediately after operations, according to recent research. Read more.

5. According to two new studies, the American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program provides more accurate data than administrative data for driving surgical quality improvement in hospitals. Read more.

6. Though many healthcare practitioner groups have issued recommendations on infant care, a new National Institutes of Health report revealed that many new mothers do not receive information from physicians on sleep position, breastfeeding, immunization and pacifier use. Read more.

7. A new study from the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis and the Stanford (Calif.) Graduate School of Business revealed that many drug manufacturers delay reporting serious and unexpected adverse medication events to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Read more.

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8. The Hospital-Acquired Condition Reduction Program may not accurately measure quality or fairly penalize hospitals, according to a study published in JAMA. Read more.

9. The Medicare fee-for-service population experienced a considerable decline in hospitalizations, deaths and costs between 1999 and 2013, according to a new study. Read more.

10. Ethanol locks have the ability to prevent central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infections in pediatric cancer patients, according to the results of a randomized trial. Read more.

11. Catheter-associated urinary tract infections are the most common hospital-acquired infection, and the results of a national survey reflect that the commonly-used Foley catheter may be to blame. Read more.

12. Researchers have demonstrated a statistically significant association between the use of single-use sharps containers and lower Clostridium difficile infection rates in hospitals. Read more.

13. Scientists from Virginia Tech in Blacksburg suggest the lifestyle differences among species can provide critical insight into the mechanisms of antibiotic resistance spread and the potential for improved monitoring and control. Read more.

14. New research from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore suggests financial penalties imposed on hospitals based solely on the total number of patients who suffer lung or leg blood clots may be unfair. Read more.

15. A recent study evaluated the effect of increasing the discharge-before-noon rate on hospital admission arrival time and the number of hospital admissions per hour. Read more.

16. Boston University School of Medicine researchers revealed a direct link between liver-produced molecules and pneumonia susceptibility during sepsis. Read more.


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