UN report: Innovation more collaborative than ever, concentrated in hubs like San Francisco, NYC

In less than two decades, the amount of collaboration in global innovation initiatives has grown exponentially, finds a new report from the United Nations' World Intellectual Property Organization.

According to the 2019 World Intellectual Property Report, between the early 2000s and the second half of the 2010s, the number of scientific papers authored by teams of multiple scientists compared to individual scientists surged from 64 percent to just under 90 percent. In the same time period, the percentage of patents filed by teams rather than individuals grew from 54 percent to 68 percent.

The report also listed 10 "hotspots" that are responsible for much of the world's innovation, with three U.S. cities included, two of which lead the pack. According to WIPO, these 10 cities alone account for more than one-quarter of all international co-inventions.

1. San Francisco/San Jose

2. New York City

3. Frankfurt

4. Tokyo

5. Boston

6. Shanghai

7. London

8. Beijing

9. Bengaluru

10. Paris

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