Hacktivists, nation-states & more: 40 of the names behind cyberattacks

Cybersecurity is top-of-mind for healthcare executives. The largest data breach in the healthcare industry occurred just last year, and the threat of cyberattacks remains active.

Here are 40 hacktivists, nation-state hacker groups and mercenary hackers included in the Primer on Advanced Persistent Threat Groups released by two Institute for Critical Infrastructure Technology leaders.


1. Blue Termite/Cloudy Omega/Emdivi  

2. The Elderwood Platform

3. Axiom  

4. Hidden Lynx/Aurora

5. Deep Panda/Black Vine/Pupa  

6. PLA Unit 61398

7. Putter Panda

8. Naikon

9. Mirage


10. Animal Farm


11. Tarh Andishan/Operation Cleaver

12. Ajax/FLYING KITTEN/Saffron Rose  


13. Dudu/DQ

North Korea

14.  Bureau 121/Guardians of Peace/Dark Seoul


15. Energetic Bear/Dragonfly/Havex Crouching Yeti/Koala Team

16. Uroburos/Epic Turla/Snake/SnakeNet

17. APT 28/Sofacy Group/Sednit Group/Tsar Team/Fancy Bear/Operation Pawnstorm

18. PinchDuke

19. GeminiDuke

20. CosmicDuke/Tinybaron/BotgenStudios/NemesisGemina

21. MiniDuke

22. OnionDuke

23. APT 29/Hammertoss/Hammerduke

24. CozyDuke/CozyCare/CozyBear/Office Monkeys/Cozer/EuroAPT

25. SeaDuke/SeaDaddy/SeaDask

26. CloudDuke/MiniDionis/CloudLook

27. Sandworm/Quedagh/BlackEnergy

28. Carbanak  

South Korea

29. Dark Hotel/Tapaoux/Nemim/Pioneer/Karba


30. The Syrian Electronic Army

United States

31. Butterfly Group/Morpho

32. Regin/Prax/WarriorPride

33. Flame/Flamer/Skywiper

34. America's Most Elite Line of Cyber-Defense: Tailored Access Operations

35. EQUATION Group


36. Anonymous (Hacktivist group)

Unknown nationality

37. Hellsing

38. Moker

39. Shrouded Crossbow

40. Santa APT

Click here to view the full report.

More articles on health IT:
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Borgess Rheumatology, 700 patients' data breached in mailing error

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