Nonventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia 'underappreciated' patient safety issue

A study published in American Journal of Infection Control examined the incidence of nonventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia in the U.S.

Researchers used the 2012 U.S. National Inpatient Sample dataset to compare a group of nonventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia patients to four other groups: pneumonia on admission; general hospital admissions; matched on mortality and disease severity; and ventilator-associated pneumonia.

The study shows the overall incidence of nonventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia was 1.6 percent, representing a rate of 3.63 per 1,000 patient-days.

Researchers also found nonventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia was linked to higher total hospital charges, longer lengths of stay and greater likelihood of death when compared to all groups expect the ventilator-associated pneumonia group.

"Nonventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia is an underappreciated and serious patient safety issue, resulting in significant increases in cost, length of stay, and mortality," study authors concluded.

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