Infection-related hospitalizations decreasing among US children, study finds

Between the years 2000 and 2012, hospitalization rates related to infectious disease in children declined significantly, according to a recent study published in The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.

To determine the rate changes in the infectious disease hospitalizations of U.S. children, researchers used the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's Kids' Inpatient Database to perform a serial cross-sectional analysis every three years of the study period. The researchers were able to identify nearly 3.7 million pediatric hospitalizations for infectious diseases. From 2000 to 2012, researchers determined that the infectious disease rate dropped from 91 per 10,000 children to 75.8 per 10,000 children. The multivariable model also displayed a significant decrease in in-hospital mortality.

The authors assert that the findings should inspire further efforts to increase immunization coverage and reduce the infectious disease related morbidity nationwide.

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