HIV patients more likely to experience concurrent heart and kidney disease

HIV patients at risk for cardiovascular disease also carry an increased risk for chronic kidney disease and vice versa, according to a study published in PLOS Medicine.

For the study, researchers analyzed information compiled in a global database of adverse events related to treatment with anti-HIV drugs. Researchers identified 1,400 HIV-positive individuals in the database with chronic kidney disease and 900 individuals who'd experienced a cardiovascular disease event. Nearly 11 percent of these individuals displayed both chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease.

"Our research found that people with HIV at high risk of cardiovascular disease had a corresponding 5.63-fold increase in risk of chronic kidney disease — a finding not consistent with the general community," said Mark Boyd, MD, an infectious disease expert with the University of Adelaide in Australia. "This study adds to the international body of research that shows we need to pay close attention to the broader, general healthcare of people living with HIV."

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