CDC prevention interventions prove effective in long-term reduction of bloodstream infections, research shows

Four years after implementing CDC prevention interventions in a collaborative effort, outpatient dialysis facilities displayed significant reduction in certain bloodstream infections, according to information published in Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology.

Previous data suggested the CDC Core Interventions reduced bloodstream infections by 44 percent and vascular access-related bloodstream infections by 49 percent within 15 months of application. This follow-up analysis examined the effects of the CDC's prevention guidelines after being instituted for 48 months. The rates in reduction were sustained.

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The CDC Core Interventions for BSI prevention are:

1. Conduct surveillance and monthly feedback of BSIs through CDC's National Healthcare Safety Network.

2. Perform monthly observations of hand hygiene opportunities and communicate observations to clinical staff.

3. Perform quarterly observations of catheter care.

4. Train staff on infection control topics and conduct annual or biannual performance evaluations.

5. Provide standardized education to all patients on infection prevention.

6. Incorporate efforts for catheter reduction.

7. Use alcohol-based chlorhexidine solutions for central line insertion and dressing changes.

8. Perform appropriate catheter hub disinfection each time a catheter is accessed or disconnected.

9. Apply antibiotic ointment or povidone-iodine ointment to catheter exit sites.

More aricles on infection control: 
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