Study: Consider Risk Factors' Weights for SSI Types to Improve Treatment

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Considering differential risk factors' weights between superficial and organ-space surgical site infections may be a potential way to improve SSI rate reduction, according to an article published in JAMA Surgery.

Researchers cross-referenced SSI type with various perioperative variables, including preoperative clinical severity, risk factors and comorbidities related to the specific procedure.

Risk factors in common between the two types of SSIs included being a current smoker and undergoing open surgery. Factors associated only with organ-space SSIs included: postoperative diagnoses, disseminated cancer and irradiation therapy.  High body mass index and SSI occurrence were more strongly associated with superficial SSIs.

Researchers concluded differential risk factors may indicate differing origins for organ-space and superficial SSIs, and groups looking to develop SSI interventions might consider this in improving SSI intervention success rates. 

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