How does hospital patient room design affect HAI rates?

A hospital's infrastructure, including accessibility of antiseptic hand rub dispensers and single-or multi-bed patient rooms, can influence healthcare-associated colonization and infection rates, according to a study in Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control.

Researched examined PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from 1990 to 2015. They identified three studies focusing on the accessibility of antiseptic hand rub dispensers; and nine studies focusing on single-patient rooms' impact on healthcare-associated colonization and infection rates as compared to multi-bed patient rooms or an open ward design.

Sign up for our FREE E-Weekly for more coverage like this sent to your inbox!

Each of the three studies focusing on the hand rub dispensers showed a significant improvement in hand hygiene compliance when the dispensers were placed near the patient bed.

Of the nine studies focusing on patient room design, six studies showed single-patient rooms were associated with reduced healthcare-associated colonization and infection rates, while the remaining three found that single-patient rooms are neither a protective nor a risk factor.

"Implementation of single-patient rooms and easily accessible hand rub dispensers located near the patient's bed are beneficial for infection control and are useful parts of a multifaceted strategy for reducing healthcare-associated colonization and infections," study authors concluded.

More articles on patient safety:
Woman charged after injecting fecal matter into son's IV line
Infectious disease death trends in the US: 8 key points
Survey shows poor adherence to CLABSI prevention guidelines worldwide

© Copyright ASC COMMUNICATIONS 2017. Interested in LINKING to or REPRINTING this content? View our policies by clicking here.

 


IC Database-3

Top 40 Articles from the Past 6 Months