Chris Van Gorder, CEO of Scripps Health, has been a remarkable leader for the San Diego-based, five-hospital system. After joining the system in 2000, at a time when the medical staff had voted no confidence in the previous administration and the system was losing millions, Chris led its remarkable $150 million turnaround. And he did so without any layoffs. Today, Scripps' facilities routinely appear in national hospital rankings, and the system recently opened a $220 million cancer center and has a $450 million cardiac center in the works.
If you ask him how he did it though, he's quick to correct you: He didn't do it, the more than 13,000 dedicated physicians and staff did. He just guided them.
In fact, guidance — through vision, purpose and empowerment — is a key theme of his new book, "The Front-Line Leader: Building a High-Performance Organization from the Ground Up" (Jossey-Bass, 2014).
The book provides numerous leadership lessons and stories that highlight the importance of inclusive but accountable leadership. Here are 10 of our favorites:
1. Leadership should be hands-on. You can't understand your organization, its challenges and opportunities by staying in your office all day. Chris is the epitome of a hands-on leader, visiting departments and asking to be bossed around, so he can understand the duties of each team. His efforts have led to his assisting in surgery and even using a floor polisher under the supervision of the environmental staff. Hands-on leadership breeds trust, which is critical to gaining the buy-in of employees.
2. Great leaders have a passion for what they do. That is, they love the industry they're a part of, not just leading. Chris started his career as a police officer in California. He was hospitalized after a domestic disturbance call that ended in him being hit by a car. While in the hospital, he became in awe of the care he received from his nurses. He recovered, but his injuries left him unable to return to the force. He asked the hospital that treated him to hire him as director of security. He got it by agreeing to work for minimum wage for 90 days. He proved himself, and the rest is history: He earned his master's in healthcare administration from University of Southern California and began working his way up through the hospital administration ranks. The experience of being a patient made him understand the importance of healthcare to our society and engrained in him a passion to improve it.
3. The best leaders recognize organizational success isn't about the top of the organization, but the bottom — the front-line leaders. The leadership approach Chris shares is somewhat counter-intuitive: Leaders lead down, not up. He advocates leading or managing "down," whereby each level of management ensures those below have the tools and support they need to do their jobs well.
4. Leadership success is largely due to communication. Having a vision for an organization is one thing, but achieving it requires the buy-in from front-line workers and their understanding of what behaviors are needed to reach it. How do you gain buy in? Through communication and education. Employees don't have to love every decision leadership makes, but they need to understand the 'why' behind it.
5. Being a good communicator requires being accessible and responsive. Chris is a brilliant leader and skilled communicator. He understands the importance of communicating with all stakeholders, especially employees, and hosts regular town halls to hear employee concerns and feedback. And he's a whiz at email. Try emailing him; you'll likely hear back in less than an hour. He responds quickly because he values others' input, and wants to demonstrate that.